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Species numbers of species-rich moss genera and families.

ABA 2013 Table 09 05 MossFlora 

Arctic Biodiversity Assessment (ABA) 2013.

Table 9.5. Species numbers of species-rich moss genera and families. Numbers highlighted in grey fields are used in calculating the percentage of the total moss flora. Listed are Splachnum, genera with at least 10 species and families with at least nine species.

 

 

 

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Meltofte, H. (ed.) 2013. Arctic Biodiversity Assessment. Status and trends in Arctic biodiversity. Conservation of Arctic Flora and Fauna, Akureyri.

Species numbers of species-rich liverwort genera and families.

ABA 2013 Table 09 06 Liverwort 

Arctic Biodiversity Assessment (ABA) 2013.

Table 9.6. Species numbers of species-rich liverwort genera and families. Numbers highlighted in grey are used in calculating the percentage of the total liverwort flora. Listed are liverwort genera with at least 10 species and families with at least nine.

 

 

 

 

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Meltofte, H. (ed.) 2013. Arctic Biodiversity Assessment. Status and trends in Arctic biodiversity. Conservation of Arctic Flora and Fauna, Akureyri.

Numbers of moss species in sectors and regions of the Russian Arctic

ABA 2013 Table 09 07 Moss 

Arctic Biodiversity Assessment (ABA) 2013.

Table 9.7. Numbers of moss species in sectors and regions of the Russian Arctic after Afonina & Czernadjeva (1996).

 

 

 

 

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Meltofte, H. (ed.) 2013. Arctic Biodiversity Assessment. Status and trends in Arctic biodiversity. Conservation of Arctic Flora and Fauna, Akureyri.

Worldwide recognized and estimated numbers of algal species

ABA 2013 Table 09 08 Algal 

Arctic Biodiversity Assessment (ABA) 2013.

Table 9.8. Worldwide recognized and estimated numbers of algal species. Sources: Norton et al. (1996) and Poulin & Williams (2002).

 

 

 

 

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Meltofte, H. (ed.) 2013. Arctic Biodiversity Assessment. Status and trends in Arctic biodiversity. Conservation of Arctic Flora and Fauna, Akureyri.

Survey of total numbers of marine unicellular eukaryote taxa in Arctic regions

ABA 2013 Table 09 09 

Arctic Biodiversity Assessment (ABA) 2013.

Table 9.9. Survey of total numbers of marine unicellular eukaryote taxa in Arctic regions (Poulin et al. 2011).

 

 

 

 

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Meltofte, H. (ed.) 2013. Arctic Biodiversity Assessment. Status and trends in Arctic biodiversity. Conservation of Arctic Flora and Fauna, Akureyri.

Known and estimated total species richness of Arctic fungi.

ABA 2013 Table 10 01 Fungi 

Arctic Biodiversity Assessment (ABA) 2013.

Table 10.1. Known and estimated total species richness of Arctic fungi.

 

 

 

 

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Meltofte, H. (ed.) 2013. Arctic Biodiversity Assessment. Status and trends in Arctic biodiversity. Conservation of Arctic Flora and Fauna, Akureyri.

Compilation of reported number of fungi

ABA 2013 Table 10 02 Fungi 

Arctic Biodiversity Assessment (ABA) 2013.

Table 10.2. Compilation of reported number of fungi (non-lichenized fungi) species from diff erent Arctic regions. No compilation exists for the main North America.

 

 

 

 

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Meltofte, H. (ed.) 2013. Arctic Biodiversity Assessment. Status and trends in Arctic biodiversity. Conservation of Arctic Flora and Fauna, Akureyri.

Species richness of lichens in Arctic

ABA 2013 10 01 

Arctic Biodiversity Assessment (ABA) 2013.

Figure 10.1. Species richness of lichens in Arctic (a) floristic provinces and (b) sectors. Provinces are shown with diff erent colors (n = 1,750). (b) BER: Beringia, CND: Canada, NA: North Atlantic, EuRu: European Russia & western Siberia, ESib: eastern Siberia. Continental species richness: North America 1,026, Greenland 1,136, Europe 1,075 and Asia 1,178.

 

 

 

 

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Meltofte, H. (ed.) 2013. Arctic Biodiversity Assessment. Status and trends in Arctic biodiversity. Conservation of Arctic Flora and Fauna, Akureyri.

Species richness of lichens in sub-, low and high Arctic Greenland

ABA 2013 Table 10 03 

Arctic Biodiversity Assessment (ABA) 2013.

Table 10.3. Species richness of lichens in sub-, low and high Arctic Greenland on different substrates (n = 1,694 species, distribution unknown for 56 species).

 

 

 

 

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Meltofte, H. (ed.) 2013. Arctic Biodiversity Assessment. Status and trends in Arctic biodiversity. Conservation of Arctic Flora and Fauna, Akureyri.

Species richness of lichenicolous fungi in Arctic floristic provinces.

ABA 2013 10 02 

Arctic Biodiversity Assessment (ABA) 2013.

Figure 10.2. Species richness of lichenicolous fungi in Arctic floristic provinces. Species richness in Arctic sectors: Beringia 157, Canada 89, North Atlantic 256, European Russia 90 & western and eastern Siberia 176 (see Fig. 10.1 for delimitation). Continental species richness: North America 80, Greenland 231, Europe 111 and Asia 243.

 

 

 

 

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Meltofte, H. (ed.) 2013. Arctic Biodiversity Assessment. Status and trends in Arctic biodiversity. Conservation of Arctic Flora and Fauna, Akureyri.

Examples of Arctic studies documenting high small-scale species richness

ABA 2013 Table 10 04 

Arctic Biodiversity Assessment (ABA) 2013.

Table 10.4. Examples of Arctic studies documenting high small-scale species richness of lichens in relation to vascular plants and bryophytes within study plots of different size in homogeneous vegetation (Greenland: all low Arctic, Canada: high Arctic).

 

 

 

 

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Meltofte, H. (ed.) 2013. Arctic Biodiversity Assessment. Status and trends in Arctic biodiversity. Conservation of Arctic Flora and Fauna, Akureyri.

The commonness of lichen species in the Arctic in four categories

ABA 2013 10 03 Commonness 

Arctic Biodiversity Assessment (ABA) 2013.

Figure 10.3. The commonness of lichen species in the Arctic in four categories: very rare, rare, scattered and common. The sizes of the pie charts correspond to the species number. The estimated global occurrences of these species within each category are shown within each pie chart (based on data including categorization from Kristinsson et al. 2010; n = 1,691, insufficient data for 59 of the 1,750 known species in the Arctic)..

 

 

 

 

Conservation of Arctic Flora and Fauna (CAFF)

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Meltofte, H. (ed.) 2013. Arctic Biodiversity Assessment. Status and trends in Arctic biodiversity. Conservation of Arctic Flora and Fauna, Akureyri.

Numbers of potentially endemic lichens in the Arctic

ABA 2013 Table 10 05 

Arctic Biodiversity Assessment (ABA) 2013.

Table 10.5. Numbers of potentially endemic lichens in the Arctic together with lichen species that are rare outside the Arctic, distributed by low and high Arctic, province or sector and their life form. Only species with known distribution are included (n = 358; endemic: 143, rare: 215). For explanation of province and sector, see Fig. 10.1.

 

 

 

 

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Meltofte, H. (ed.) 2013. Arctic Biodiversity Assessment. Status and trends in Arctic biodiversity. Conservation of Arctic Flora and Fauna, Akureyri.

The inter-relationships among dominant environmental and anthropogenic drivers

ABA 2013 13 01 Relationships 

Arctic Biodiversity Assessment (ABA) 2013.

Figure 13.1. The inter-relationships among dominant environmental and anthropogenic drivers and their potential eff ects on freshwater ecosystems and related ecological services. Dashed lines represent the potential feedbacks to the biotic community either directly or indirectly (blue arrows) via abiotic controls that occur when ecosystem properties are modifi ed by various stressors. Further feedbacks occur as we modify our activities in response to changes (impoverishment) in ecosystem goods and services (adapted from Hooper et al. 2005).

 

 

 

 

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Meltofte, H. (ed.) 2013. Arctic Biodiversity Assessment. Status and trends in Arctic biodiversity. Conservation of Arctic Flora and Fauna, Akureyri.

Appearing and disappearing lakes and their impacts on biodiversity

ABA 2013 Box13 02 DisapperingLakes graph 

Arctic Biodiversity Assessment (ABA) 2013.

Box 13.2 Figure 1. (a) Locations of Siberian lakes analyzed and related permafrost distribution, (b) satellite images depicting the decline of total lake abundance since 1973, (c) associated permanent drainage and revegetation of former lakebeds, (d) net increases in lake abundance and associated surface ponding (from Smith et al. 2005).

 

 

ZIP file includes all data

 

 

Conservation of Arctic Flora and Fauna (CAFF)

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Meltofte, H. (ed.) 2013. Arctic Biodiversity Assessment. Status and trends in Arctic biodiversity. Conservation of Arctic Flora and Fauna, Akureyri.

Species number of water fleas Cladocera and copepods

ABA 2013 13 02 WaterFlees 

Arctic Biodiversity Assessment (ABA) 2013.

Figure 13.2. Species number of water fleas Cladocera and copepods along a longitudinal gradient 68-78° N in different high latitude regions in North America and northern Europe (from Rautio et al. 2011).

 

 

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Meltofte, H. (ed.) 2013. Arctic Biodiversity Assessment. Status and trends in Arctic biodiversity. Conservation of Arctic Flora and Fauna, Akureyri.

Summary of gradients in the physical properties, nutrient regimes, and biotic communities

ABA 2013 Box 13 03 

Arctic Biodiversity Assessment (ABA) 2013.

Box 13.3 Table 1. Summary of gradients in the physical properties, nutrient regimes, and biotic communities as a result of differing river-to-lake connection times among lakes of the Mackenzie Delta (from Lesack & Marsh 2010).

 

 

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Meltofte, H. (ed.) 2013. Arctic Biodiversity Assessment. Status and trends in Arctic biodiversity. Conservation of Arctic Flora and Fauna, Akureyri.

Number of species reported for drainage basins in western and eastern Canada

ABA 2013 13 03 

Arctic Biodiversity Assessment (ABA) 2013.

Figure 13.3. Number of species reported for drainage basins in western and eastern Canada arranged on a south to north gradient. Along the western gradient, gray bars: MB = Mackenzie River basin, GSL = Great Slave Lake and its tributaries, PRB = Peel River basin, and AA = Arctic archipelago. Along the eastern gradient, white bars: NRB is the Nottaway River basin, CRB is the Caniapiscau River basin, NL is northern Labrador and PRB is the Payne River basin. Data sources include: Lindsey & MacPhail (1986), Roy (1989), Power (1997) and Power et al. (2008).

 

 

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Meltofte, H. (ed.) 2013. Arctic Biodiversity Assessment. Status and trends in Arctic biodiversity. Conservation of Arctic Flora and Fauna, Akureyri.

Theoretical changes in species diversity along river latitudinal gradients.

ABA 2013 13 04 Diversity 

Arctic Biodiversity Assessment (ABA) 2013.

Figure 13.4. Theoretical changes in species diversity along river latitudinal gradients. Panel A depicts the current situation, as demonstrated in Figure 13.1. Panel B denotes the eff ect of physiological release whereby warming climates permit an increasing number of species to move north. Disproportionate impacts are expected in the north because of existing low diversity. Panel C depicts the impact of anthropogenic-facilitated invasions resulting from species transplants. Panel D depicts localized species extinctions caused by increased competition along the latitudinal gradient, with the largest impacts expected in the North.

 

Conservation of Arctic Flora and Fauna (CAFF)

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Meltofte, H. (ed.) 2013. Arctic Biodiversity Assessment. Status and trends in Arctic biodiversity. Conservation of Arctic Flora and Fauna, Akureyri.

Representative diatom profiles from the circumpolar Arctic showing the character and timing of recent assemblage shifts.

ABA 2013 13 05 Diatom 

Arctic Biodiversity Assessment (ABA) 2013.

Figure 13.5. Representative diatom profiles from the circumpolar Arctic showing the character and timing of recent assemblage shifts.

 

Conservation of Arctic Flora and Fauna (CAFF)

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Meltofte, H. (ed.) 2013. Arctic Biodiversity Assessment. Status and trends in Arctic biodiversity. Conservation of Arctic Flora and Fauna, Akureyri.

Occurrence and pigmentation of water fleas Daphnia sp. in ponds with different dissolved organic carbon (DOC) concentrations.

ABA 2013 13 06 Daphnia 

Arctic Biodiversity Assessment (ABA) 2013.

Figure 13.6. Occurrence and pigmentation of water fleas Daphnia sp. in ponds with different dissolved organic carbon (DOC) concentrations. 

 

Conservation of Arctic Flora and Fauna (CAFF)

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Meltofte, H. (ed.) 2013. Arctic Biodiversity Assessment. Status and trends in Arctic biodiversity. Conservation of Arctic Flora and Fauna, Akureyri.

Mercury

ABA 2013 13 07 Mercury 

Arctic Biodiversity Assessment (ABA) 2013.

Figure 13.7. Relationship between (a) particulate mercury concentration and water discharge for the Mackenzie River at Arctic Red River, and (b) changes in particulate and dissolved mercury concentrations and water discharge for the Mackenzie River during the spring freshet 2004. (Source: Leitch et al. 2007 from Stern et al. 2012).

 

 

Conservation of Arctic Flora and Fauna (CAFF)

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Meltofte, H. (ed.) 2013. Arctic Biodiversity Assessment. Status and trends in Arctic biodiversity. Conservation of Arctic Flora and Fauna, Akureyri.

Bathymetric map of the Arctic Ocean

ABA 2013 14 01 Bathymetric 

Arctic Biodiversity Assessment (ABA) 2013.

Figure 14.1. Bathymetric map of the Arctic Ocean showing general circulation and the importance of riverine inflow (adapted from Carmack 2000 and Jakobsson et al. 2004, 2008).

 

ZIP file includes map and legend

 

Conservation of Arctic Flora and Fauna (CAFF)

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Meltofte, H. (ed.) 2013. Arctic Biodiversity Assessment. Status and trends in Arctic biodiversity. Conservation of Arctic Flora and Fauna, Akureyri.

Surface circulation of the Norwegian and Barents Seas

ABA 2013 14 02 Map 

Arctic Biodiversity Assessment (ABA) 2013.

Figure 14.2. Surface circulation of the Norwegian and Barents Seas. The red arrows represent the warm, saline Atlantic waters; the white the cold, fresher Arctic waters and the yellow the low salinity coastal waters.

Source: Drinkwater 2011.)

 

Conservation of Arctic Flora and Fauna (CAFF)

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Meltofte, H. (ed.) 2013. Arctic Biodiversity Assessment. Status and trends in Arctic biodiversity. Conservation of Arctic Flora and Fauna, Akureyri.

Schematics of different water masses in the Arctic Ocean

ABA 2013 14 03 

Arctic Biodiversity Assessment (ABA) 2013.

Figure 14.3. Schematics of different water masses in the Arctic Ocean, emphasizing vertical stratifi cation

(source: AMAP 1998).

 

Conservation of Arctic Flora and Fauna (CAFF)

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Meltofte, H. (ed.) 2013. Arctic Biodiversity Assessment. Status and trends in Arctic biodiversity. Conservation of Arctic Flora and Fauna, Akureyri.

Known locations of hydrothermal vents and hydrocarbon seeps in the Arctic.

ABA 2013 Box 14 01 

Arctic Biodiversity Assessment (ABA) 2013.

Box 14.1 Figure 1. Known locations of hydrothermal vents and hydrocarbon seeps in the Arctic. Map created using Ocean Data View, Schlitzer 2010.

(sources: Beaulieu 2010, Campbell 2006)

 

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Meltofte, H. (ed.) 2013. Arctic Biodiversity Assessment. Status and trends in Arctic biodiversity. Conservation of Arctic Flora and Fauna, Akureyri.

Circumpolar distribution and probability of potential petroleum reserves

ABA 2013 14 04 Petroleum 

Arctic Biodiversity Assessment (ABA) 2013.

Figure 14.4. Circumpolar distribution and probability of potential petroleum reserves (source: US Geological Survey 2011).

 

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Meltofte, H. (ed.) 2013. Arctic Biodiversity Assessment. Status and trends in Arctic biodiversity. Conservation of Arctic Flora and Fauna, Akureyri.

Locations of sub-Arctic and Arctic shipping accidents and incident causes, 1995-2004

ABA 2013 14 05 Map ShipAccidents 

Arctic Biodiversity Assessment (ABA) 2013.

Figure 14.5. Locations of sub-Arctic and Arctic shipping accidents and incident causes, 1995-2004

(source: AMSA 2009).

 

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Meltofte, H. (ed.) 2013. Arctic Biodiversity Assessment. Status and trends in Arctic biodiversity. Conservation of Arctic Flora and Fauna, Akureyri.

ᓇᓂ ᐅᒥᐊᕐᔪᐊᑦ ᐱᓂᕐᓗᒃᓯᒪᔪᕕᓂᐅᓂᖏᑦ ᐊᒻᒪᓗ ᐱᕐᓘᕿᔪᕕᓂᐅᓂᖏᑦ 1995-2004 (AMSA, 2009)

ABA 2013 14 05 Map ShipAccidents Inuktitut 

Arctic Biodiversity Assessment (ABA) 2013.

ᓇᓂ ᐅᒥᐊᕐᔪᐊᑦ ᐱᓂᕐᓗᒃᓯᒪᔪᕕᓂᐅᓂᖏᑦ ᐊᒻᒪᓗ
ᐱᕐᓘᕿᔪᕕᓂᐅᓂᖏᑦ 1995-2004 (AMSA, 2009)

 

Conservation of Arctic Flora and Fauna (CAFF)

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Meltofte, H. (ed.) 2013. Arctic Biodiversity Assessment. Status and trends in Arctic biodiversity. Conservation of Arctic Flora and Fauna, Akureyri.

Места аварий и происшествий с морскими судами в 1995-2004 гг. (AMSA, 2009)

ABA 2013 14 05 Map ShipAccidents Russian 

Arctic Biodiversity Assessment (ABA) 2013.

Места аварий и происшествий с морскими
судами в 1995-2004 гг. (AMSA, 2009)

 

Conservation of Arctic Flora and Fauna (CAFF)

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Meltofte, H. (ed.) 2013. Arctic Biodiversity Assessment. Status and trends in Arctic biodiversity. Conservation of Arctic Flora and Fauna, Akureyri.

 Number of ships transiting and landing

ABA 2013 14 06 ShipTransit 

Arctic Biodiversity Assessment (ABA) 2013.

Figure 14.6. Number of ships a) transiting through the Northwest Passage (five year intervals, from 1975 to 2009), and b) landing in Greenland (cruise ships only, from 2003 to 2008. (Sources: AMSA 2009 and NORDREG 2009.)

 

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Meltofte, H. (ed.) 2013. Arctic Biodiversity Assessment. Status and trends in Arctic biodiversity. Conservation of Arctic Flora and Fauna, Akureyri.

ᐊᒥᓲᓂᖏᑦ ᐅᒥᐊᕐᔪᐊᑦ a) ᐃᑳᕆᐊᖅᑐᖅᑐᑦ ᐅᑭᐅᖅᑕᖅᑑᑉ ᑕᕆᐅᖓᒍᑦ ᓄᓇᕐᔫᑉ

ABA 2013 14 06 ShipTransit Inuktitut 

Arctic Biodiversity Assessment (ABA) 2013.

ᐊᒥᓲᓂᖏᑦ ᐅᒥᐊᕐᔪᐊᑦ a) ᐃᑳᕆᐊᖅᑐᖅᑐᑦ ᐅᑭᐅᖅᑕᖅᑑᑉ ᑕᕆᐅᖓᒍᑦ ᓄᓇᕐᔫᑉ
ᐊᑭᐊᓄᐊᕐᕆᐊᕕᐅᔪᓐᓇᖅᑐᑎᒍᑦ (ᑕᓪᓕᒪᐃᑦ ᐊᕕᒃᑐᖅᑕᐅᓯᒪᓪᓗᑎᒃ 1975−ᒥᒃ
2009-ᒧᑦ), ᐊᒻᒪᓗ b) ᒥᑦᑐᖃᖅᑎᓪᓗᒍ ᑲᓛᖡᑦ ᓄᓈᓐᓄᑦ, ᐊᑯᑭᑦᑐᕐᒥᐅᑕᓄᑦ
(ᐳᓚᕋᑎᓖᑦ ᐅᒥᐊᕐᔪᐊᑦ ᑭᓯᐊᓂ, 2003−ᒥᒃ 2008−ᒧᑦ). (AMSA−ᑯᓐᓂᒃ 2009
ᐊᒻᒪᓗ NORDREG−ᑯᓐᓂᒃ 2009.)

 

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Meltofte, H. (ed.) 2013. Arctic Biodiversity Assessment. Status and trends in Arctic biodiversity. Conservation of Arctic Flora and Fauna, Akureyri.

Количество судов,

ABA 2013 14 06 ShipTransit Russian 

Arctic Biodiversity Assessment (ABA) 2013.

Количество судов, а) прошедших по Северо-Западному проходу (с пятилетним
интервалом с 1975 по 2009 гг.), и b) заходы в Гренландию (только круизные суда, с 2003
по 2008 гг. (AMSA 2009 и NORDREG 2009.)

 

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Meltofte, H. (ed.) 2013. Arctic Biodiversity Assessment. Status and trends in Arctic biodiversity. Conservation of Arctic Flora and Fauna, Akureyri.

Total landings of commercial fish species

ABA 2013 14 07 landing 

Arctic Biodiversity Assessment (ABA) 2013.

Figure 14.7. Total landings of commercial fish species (x 1,000 tons) in seven Arctic Large Marine Ecosystems (source: Sherman & Hempel 2008 and SeaAroundUs Project 2010).

 

 

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Meltofte, H. (ed.) 2013. Arctic Biodiversity Assessment. Status and trends in Arctic biodiversity. Conservation of Arctic Flora and Fauna, Akureyri.

Estimated number of taxa within Arctic Seas

ABA 2013 Table 14 01 

Arctic Biodiversity Assessment (ABA) 2013.

Table 14.1. Estimated number of taxa within Arctic Seas (modified after Bluhm et al. 2011 and references therein).

 

 

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Meltofte, H. (ed.) 2013. Arctic Biodiversity Assessment. Status and trends in Arctic biodiversity. Conservation of Arctic Flora and Fauna, Akureyri.

Schematics of historical and contemporary pelagic coastal food webs off Svalbard

ABA 2013 14 08 

Arctic Biodiversity Assessment (ABA) 2013.

Figure 14.8. Schematics of historical and contemporary pelagic coastal food webs off Svalbard, assuming comparable primary and secondary production. Values are consumption in Kcal per m2 per year. Thickness of arrows is relative to consumption values.

(Source: Weslawski et al. 2000.) 

 

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Meltofte, H. (ed.) 2013. Arctic Biodiversity Assessment. Status and trends in Arctic biodiversity. Conservation of Arctic Flora and Fauna, Akureyri.

Temperature

ABA 2013 Box 14 04 

Arctic Biodiversity Assessment (ABA) 2013.

Box 14.4 Figure 1. a) Mean autumn (August-September) temperature of the West Spitsbergen Current at about 79° N between 100 and 300 m depth. b) Correlation between the NAO Index (3-year mean calculated from September-August) and Shannon-Wiener diversity index (H’). The secondary y-axis scale (species diversity) is inverted.

(Source: Beuchel et al. 2006.)

 

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Meltofte, H. (ed.) 2013. Arctic Biodiversity Assessment. Status and trends in Arctic biodiversity. Conservation of Arctic Flora and Fauna, Akureyri.

Mean trophic levels in seven sub-Arctic and Arctic Large Marine Ecosystems.

ABA 2013 14 09 TrophicLevel 

Arctic Biodiversity Assessment (ABA) 2013.

Figure 14.9. Mean trophic levels in seven sub-Arctic and Arctic Large Marine Ecosystems.

Source: Sherman & Hempel (2008), SeaAroundUs Project (2010).

 

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Meltofte, H. (ed.) 2013. Arctic Biodiversity Assessment. Status and trends in Arctic biodiversity. Conservation of Arctic Flora and Fauna, Akureyri.

Abundance estimates for the western Arctic bowhead whale stock in the Beaufort Sea

ABA 2013 Box 14 06 Abundance 

Arctic Biodiversity Assessment (ABA) 2013.

Box 14.6 Figure 1. Abundance estimates for the western Arctic bowhead whale stock in the Beaufort Sea, 1978 to 2001. Vertical bars are standard deviations.

(Source: Zeh & Punt 2005.)

 

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Meltofte, H. (ed.) 2013. Arctic Biodiversity Assessment. Status and trends in Arctic biodiversity. Conservation of Arctic Flora and Fauna, Akureyri.

Schematic distribution of NE Atlantic cod Gadus morhua in the Barents Sea

ABA 2013 14 10 Map 

Arctic Biodiversity Assessment (ABA) 2013.

Figure 14.10. Schematic distribution of NE Atlantic cod Gadus morhua in the Barents Sea a) prior to and b) during the 20th century warm period (source: Drinkwater 2011).

 

Zip file includes image og map and image of Schematic distribution of NE Atlantic cod the Barents Sea

 

Conservation of Arctic Flora and Fauna (CAFF)

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Meltofte, H. (ed.) 2013. Arctic Biodiversity Assessment. Status and trends in Arctic biodiversity. Conservation of Arctic Flora and Fauna, Akureyri.

Trend in killer whale Orcinus orca observations in the Hudson Bay region

ABA 2013 14 11 Trend 

Arctic Biodiversity Assessment (ABA) 2013.

Figure 14.11. Trend in killer whale Orcinus orca observations in the Hudson Bay region, Canada (sources: Hidgon & Ferguson 2009 and Higdon et al. 2011).

 

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Differences in trophic pathways

ABA 2013 14 12 Copepods 

Arctic Biodiversity Assessment (ABA) 2013.

Figure 14.12. Differences in trophic pathways based on availability of the copepod C. marshallae and the euphausiid T. raschii on the southeastern Bering Sea shelf.

(Source: Hunt et al. 2011.).

 

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Seasonal succession of ice cover, phytoplankton, copepods and protozooplankton

ABA 2013 14 13 Icecover 

Arctic Biodiversity Assessment (ABA) 2013.

Figure 14.13. Seasonal succession of ice cover, phytoplankton, copepods and protozooplankton (ciliates and dinoflagellates) in Disko Bay, W Greenland, 1996-1997. Sea ice cover is represented in white in a). The vertical blue line indicates the time when the bulk of Calanus spp. biomass leaves the surface layer giving room for an additional peak in protozooplankton biomass. (Adapted from Madsen et al. 2001 and Levinsen et al. 2000.)

 

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Conceptual model of seasonal plankton succession in W Greenland

ABA 2013 14 14 Plankton 

Arctic Biodiversity Assessment (ABA) 2013.

Figure 14.14. Conceptual model of seasonal plankton succession in W Greenland in a) current and b) future warming conditions.(Adapted from Rysgaard & Glud 2007.)

 

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Life cycles for parasites.

ABA 2013 15 01 Cyclus 

Arctic Biodiversity Assessment (ABA) 2013.

Figure 15.1. Life cycles for parasites. 

Photo: Matakiel Island, Northern Sea of Okhotsk, by E.P. Hoberg.

 

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Meltofte, H. (ed.) 2013. Arctic Biodiversity Assessment. Status and trends in Arctic biodiversity. Conservation of Arctic Flora and Fauna, Akureyri.

Characteristics of Arctic host-parasite systems.

ABA 2013 Table 15 01 

Arctic Biodiversity Assessment (ABA) 2013.

Table 15.1. Characteristics of Arctic host-parasite systems.

 

 

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 A model for integrated survey and inventory to explore diversity in northern host-parasite systems.

ABA 2013 15 02 

Arctic Biodiversity Assessment (ABA) 2013.

Figure 15.2. A model for integrated survey and inventory to explore diversity in northern host-parasite systems. 

 

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Ship transits of the Northwest Passage 1906-2011

ABA 2013 16 01 ShipTransit 

Arctic Biodiversity Assessment (ABA) 2013.

Figure 16.1. Ship transits of the Northwest Passage 1906-2011. From the NWT State of the Environment report (ENR 2011) with data from NORDREG updated to 2012.

 

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Current potential range of non-native aquatic plant hydrilla

ABA 2013 16 02 Map Habitat 

Arctic Biodiversity Assessment (ABA) 2013.

Figure 16.2. Current potential range of non-native aquatic plant hydrilla Hydrilla spp. if it invaded Alaska today and projected potential range with climate warming (adapted from Bella 2009).

 

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An Arctic Observatory showing the centrality of a natural history museum

ABA 2013 17 01 Museum 

Arctic Biodiversity Assessment (ABA) 2013.

Figure 17.1. An Arctic Observatory showing the centrality of a natural history museum to multiple research, teaching, management, policy and outreach initiatives in the Arctic.

 

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Molecular genetics can be used to study functional genes

ABA 2013 17 02 MolecularGenetics 

Arctic Biodiversity Assessment (ABA) 2013.

Figure 17.2. Molecular genetics can be used to study functional genes that are important in responding to environmental change or to identify individuals, and then determine relationships between individuals, populations (represented here by brown boxes), metapopulations (turquoise boxes) or species (light blue boxes). We explore how species have responded to change in the past (such as vicariant events that split larger groups into smaller groups), so that we can forecast how species will respond to changes in the future.

 

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Distribution (per cent) of domesticated reindeer on countries of the circumpolar North

ABA 2013 18 01 Reindeer 

Arctic Biodiversity Assessment (ABA) 2013.

Figure 18.1. Distribution (per cent) of domesticated reindeer on countries of the circumpolar North (www.reindeerportal.org).

 

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Numbers (× 1,000) of reindeer in the main reindeer husbandry areas of Russia, 1990, 2000 and 2010.

ABA 2013 18 02 ReindeerRussia 

Arctic Biodiversity Assessment (ABA) 2013.

Figure 18.2. Numbers (× 1,000) of reindeer in the main reindeer husbandry areas of Russia, 1990, 2000 and 2010.

 

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Reindeer populations (x 1,000) in selected Arctic countries, 1990, 2000 and 2007

ABA 2013 18 03 ReindeerArctic 

Arctic Biodiversity Assessment (ABA) 2013.

Figure 18.3. Reindeer populations (x 1,000) in selected Arctic countries, 1990, 2000 and 2007 (www.reindeerportal.com).

 

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Map of international waters

ABA 2013 18 04 InternationalWaters 

Arctic Biodiversity Assessment (ABA) 2013.

Figure 18.4. Map of international waters (beyond the coastal states’ EEZs) in the Arctic Ocean and marginal seas.

 

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Numbers of hunters seabirds/caribou

ABA 2013 18 05 Hunters 

Arctic Biodiversity Assessment (ABA) 2013.

Figure 18.5. a) Numbers of commercial hunters (pink) versus number of recreational hunters (blue) who have reported harvest of seabirds since 1993 in Greenland; b) Numbers of Greenland hunters who have reported harvest of caribou since 1993

 

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The regions of Greenland’s coastal areas that can be reached on day trips by motorboat

ABA 2013 18 06 Greenland 

Arctic Biodiversity Assessment (ABA) 2013.

Figure 18.6. The regions of Greenland’s coastal areas that can be reached on day trips by motorboat, shown by circles with a radius of 100 km from communities of more than 1,000 inhabitants and generally bigger boats and 50 km from settlements of less than 1,000 inhabitants with generally smaller boats. The figure illustrates that no locations in the populated southern parts of Greenland are out of reach for hunters (Due & Ingerslev 2000).

 

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Rate of population decline of bird colonies in the municipality of Upernavik

ABA 2013 Box 18 05 Seabirds 

Arctic Biodiversity Assessment (ABA) 2013.

Box 18.5 Figure 1. Rate of population decline of bird colonies in the municipality of Upernavik in relation to distance to the nearest settlement or town. The shorter the distance, the greater the rate of decline (Evans & Kampp 1991).

 

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Seabird harvests around the Arctic

ABA 2013 Box 18 05 Table 01 

Arctic Biodiversity Assessment (ABA) 2013.

Box 18.5 Table 1. Seabird harvests around the Arctic (from Merkel 2010a). Pop. = population.

 

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Marine incidents involving cruise ships in Arctic and Antarctic waters

ABA 2013 Table 18 01 

Arctic Biodiversity Assessment (ABA) 2013.

Table 18.1. Marine incidents involving cruise ships in Arctic and Antarctic waters (the same vessels often alternate polar region according to season) (aggregated from reports from national coast guards, admiralty courts and insurers, and www.cruisejunkie.com).

 

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Services identified in the Millennium Ecosystem Assessment

ABA 2013 Table 18 02 

Arctic Biodiversity Assessment (ABA) 2013.

Table 18.2. Services identified in the Millennium Ecosystem Assessment (2005), compared with the six services examined in this chapter (Provisioning and Cultural Services). Note that two MEA categories (supporting services, regulating services) are not addressed in this chapter  (Provisioning and Cultural Services).

 

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Trends in the six ecosystem services examined in this chapter (Provisioning and Cultural Services)

ABA 2013 Table 18 03 

Arctic Biodiversity Assessment (ABA) 2013.

Table 18.3. Trends in the six ecosystem services examined in this chapter (Provisioning and Cultural Services). Note that an increasing trend is not necessary a good thing overall, as increased use of Arctic resources may lead to increased conflicts among user groups, or increasing existence values may be the result of decreased wilderness or wild species creating higher value for what remains.

 

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Comparison of land areas impacted by oil and gas exploitation in northern Alaska and NW Siberia

ABA 2013 Table 19 01 

Arctic Biodiversity Assessment (ABA) 2013.

Table 19.1. Comparison of land areas impacted by oil and gas exploitation in northern Alaska and NW Siberia, respectively (Khitun & Rebristaya 2002, Khitun 1997, VNIPIGazdovycha 2005, Forbes et al. 2009, Gilders & Cronin 2000, Walker 1996).

 

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Map of the Yamal Peninsula, Russia, showing industrial infrastructure and other features.

ABA 2013 19 01 Yamal 

Arctic Biodiversity Assessment (ABA) 2013.

Figure 19.1. Map of the Yamal Peninsula, Russia, showing industrial infrastructure and other features.

 

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Total Arctic territories in IUCN protection categories

ABA 2013 Table 19 02 

Arctic Biodiversity Assessment (ABA) 2013.

Table 19.2. Total Arctic territories in IUCN protection categories (updated from CAFF 2010). N.B.: The definition of Arctic for this table is the CAFF boundary, not the ABA boundary.

 

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Arctic natural resource monitoring schemes across a spectrum of possible monitoring approaches based on the relative participation of different actors

ABA 2013 Table 19 03 

Arctic Biodiversity Assessment (ABA) 2013.

Table 19.3. Arctic natural resource monitoring schemes across a spectrum of possible monitoring approaches based on the relative participation of different actors (modified from Danielsen et al. 2009).

 

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Trends in the five indicators considered in this chapter (Disturbance, Feedbacks and Conservation)

ABA 2013 Table 19 04 

Arctic Biodiversity Assessment (ABA) 2013.

Table 19.4. Trends in the five indicators considered in this chapter (Disturbance, Feedbacks and Conservation). Note that “increasing” may be regarded as positive or negative depending on the indicator.

 

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Languages displaying an increase in absolute numbers of speakers, proportion of speakers and net population.

ABA 2013 Table 20 01 

Arctic Biodiversity Assessment (ABA) 2013.

Table 20.1. Languages displaying an increase in absolute numbers of speakers, proportion of speakers and net population.

 

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Change in population (estimated percentages) for 47 indigenous groups between 1989 and 2010.

ABA 2013 20 02 Populationsize 

Arctic Biodiversity Assessment (ABA) 2013.

Figure 20.2. Change in population (estimated percentages) for 47 indigenous groups between 1989 and 2010.

 

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Languages with the greatest increase and decrease in numbers of speakers.

ABA 2013 Table 20 02 

Arctic Biodiversity Assessment (ABA) 2013.

Table 20.2. Languages with the greatest increase and decrease in numbers of speakers.

 

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Vitality of Arctic languages as classified by UNESCO (2012).

ABA 2013 20 04 Vitality 

Arctic Biodiversity Assessment (ABA) 2013.

Figure 20.4. Vitality of Arctic languages as classified by UNESCO (2012).

 

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Map showing the languages colour coded after their vitality status as noted by UNESCO.

ABA 2013 20 05 Map LanguageVitality 

Arctic Biodiversity Assessment (ABA) 2013.

Figure 20.5.Map showing the languages colour coded after their vitality status as noted by UNESCO.

 

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UNESCO Interactive Atlas of the Worlds Languages in Danger 2012. http://www.unesco.org/culture/languages-atlas/ [accessed 14 December 2012]

UNESCO 2012. Endangered languages of Indigenous peoples of Siberia. http://lingsib.iea.ras.ru/en/ [accessed 14 December 2012]

Interannual changes in the climatic index of the Barents Sea

ABA 2013 08 11 

Arctic Biodiversity Assessment (ABA) 2013.

Figure 8.11. Interannual changes in the climatic index of the Barents Sea (1), with running mean curve (2), reflecting the cumulative variability of major indicators of climate (such as sea and air temperature and ice coverage), with warm periods marked in red and cold periods in blue). The periods of main quantitative benthos surveys are shown as red ellipses in the chart (modified from Anisimova et al. 2011).

 

 

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Metazoan meiofauna densities

ABA 2013 08 10 MetazoanMeiofauna 

Arctic Biodiversity Assessment (ABA) 2013.

Figure 8.10. Metazoan meiofauna densities along the bathymetric HAUSGARTEN transect from 2000 to 2004 (redrawn from Hoste et al. 2007).

 

 

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Biogeographic borders in the Barents Sea

ABA 2013 08 09 BarentsSea 

Arctic Biodiversity Assessment (ABA) 2013.

Figure 8.9. Biogeographic borders in the Barents Sea based on species distributions of bryozoans. Average position of the border with 50:50% of Atlantic boreal and Arctic species numbers is indicated by the pink line, and the red and green lines indicate the extreme positions of the border in cold and warm periods respectively. Area III between them is the transitional zone between the Atlantic boreal and the Arctic regions. Thus, area I always has > 50% Atlantic boreal species, and area II always > 50% Arctic species (after Denisenko 1990).

 

 

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Taxonomic composition of the epi-/megafauna

ABA 2013 08 08 

Arctic Biodiversity Assessment (ABA) 2013.

Figure 8.8. Taxonomic composition of the epi-/megafauna at the HAUSGARTEN observatory from photographic transects covering different water depth ranges (A: 1,313-1,316 m; B: 1,642-1,688 m; C: 2,432-2,629 m; D: 2,965-3,907 m; E: 5,333-5,404 m) (Soltwedel et al. 2009a). “Morphotypes” denote unrecognised organisms

 

 

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Stacked bar plot showing the number of nematode species

ABA 2013 08 07 NematodeSpecies 

Arctic Biodiversity Assessment (ABA) 2013.

Figure 8.7. Stacked bar plot showing the number of nematode species for each dominant genus at different water depths along the bathymetric HAUSGARTEN transect (Hoste 2006).

 

 

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Map of the Russian Arctic showing the distribution of meiofauna diversity

ABA 2013 08 06 Meiofauna 

Arctic Biodiversity Assessment (ABA) 2013.

Figure 8.6. Map of the Russian Arctic showing the distribution of meiofauna diversity for different areas (from Spiridonov et al. 2011). Sizes of the cakes relates to total number of taxa indicated above each cake.

 

 

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Photographs of the sea floor from eastern Baffin Bay in W Greenland

08 05A 

Arctic Biodiversity Assessment (ABA) 2013.

Figure 8.5. Photographs of the sea floor from eastern Baffin Bay in W Greenland, showing different benthic habitats. (A) soft mud, (B) soft sediment with shells and stones, (C) gravelly bottom and (D) boulder bottom (from Sejr et al. 2011).

 

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Species richness estimates of the bryozoan fauna in the Eurasian seas

ABA 2013 Table 08 03 

Arctic Biodiversity Assessment (ABA) 2013.

Table 8.3. Species richness estimates of the bryozoan fauna in the Eurasian seas of the Arctic and in the Canadian Arctic archipelago (Denisenko 2011).

 

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Figure 8.4

ABA 2013 08 04 

Arctic Biodiversity Assessment (ABA) 2013.

Figure 8.4. Upper panel: Numbers of annelid species recorded from each of seven regional Arctic seas (Sirenko 2001). Note: current values are expected to be somewhat higher, but updated records in this format are not available at this time. Lower panel: Proportions of annelid species numbers from each of seven regional Arctic seas and of the total number of all species recorded from the Arctic seas. Data source as for panel above.

 

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Summary of the Arctic crustacean fauna inventory

ABA 2013 Table 08 02 

Arctic Biodiversity Assessment (ABA) 2013.

Table 8.2. Summary of the Arctic crustacean fauna inventory (based on Sirenko 2001 list) updated with new descriptions and distribution records from the Census of Marine Life (Bluhm et al. 2011a). Crustacea represent the largest component of the Arthropoda, which is the most speciose phylum in the Arctic.

 

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The number of macrofauna species in the Laptev Sea

ABA 2013 08 03 Macrofauna 

Arctic Biodiversity Assessment (ABA) 2013.

Figure 8.3. The number of macrofauna species in the Laptev Sea over time, likely illustrating eff ects of increased sampling effort.

 

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Map of the Arctic Ocean with macro zoobenthos

ABA 2013 08 01 

Arctic Biodiversity Assessment (ABA) 2013.

Figure 8.1. Map of the Arctic Ocean with superimposed stacked bars representing species numbers of macro zoobenthos from different shelf sea areas: Crustacea+Mollusca+Echinodermata (blue) and Annelida (black). Compiled by Piepenburg et al. (2011).

 

 

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Map of the Arctic Ocean showing the distribution of species richness of Bryozoa

ABA 2013 08 02 

Arctic Biodiversity Assessment (ABA) 2013.

Figure 8.2. Map of the Arctic Ocean showing the distribution of species richness of Bryozoa for different shelf seas along the Eurasian continental shelf. 

 

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Overview of free-living invertebrate taxa in the Arctic Ocean area

ABA 2013 Table 08 01 Invertebrates 

Arctic Biodiversity Assessment (ABA) 2013.

Table 8.1. Overview of free-living invertebrate taxa in the Arctic Ocean area as defined in Fig. 6.4 in Christiansen & Reist, Chapter 6, but excluding the Bering and Norwegian Seas. Estimates based on Sirenko (2001) and updates of ArcOD researchers (from Gradinger et al. 2010a).

 

 

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Meltofte, H. (ed.) 2013. Arctic Biodiversity Assessment. Status and trends in Arctic biodiversity. Conservation of Arctic Flora and Fauna, Akureyri.

Mean population densities of the numerically dominant soil invertebrate

ABA 2013 Table 07 07 Densitie 

Arctic Biodiversity Assessment (ABA) 2013.

Table 7.7. Mean population densities (1,000/m2) of the numerically dominant soil invertebrate groups across a variety of habitats and dates at selected Arctic sites. 

 

 

Conservation of Arctic Flora and Fauna (CAFF)

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The data can be downloaded freely.

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Meltofte, H. (ed.) 2013. Arctic Biodiversity Assessment. Status and trends in Arctic biodiversity. Conservation of Arctic Flora and Fauna, Akureyri.

Wider distribution patterns of species within selected arthropod taxa from Greenland

ABA 2013 Table 07 06 

Arctic Biodiversity Assessment (ABA) 2013.

Table 7.6. Wider distribution patterns of species within selected arthropod taxa from Greenland, showing affinities with the Holarctic, Nearctic and Palearctic regions (from Makarova & Böcher 2009).

 

 

Conservation of Arctic Flora and Fauna (CAFF)

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The data can be downloaded freely.

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Meltofte, H. (ed.) 2013. Arctic Biodiversity Assessment. Status and trends in Arctic biodiversity. Conservation of Arctic Flora and Fauna, Akureyri.

Biodiversity of springtail species within and among biogeographic sectors

ABA 2013 07 04 Springtail 

Arctic Biodiversity Assessment (ABA) 2013.

Figure 7.4. Biodiversity of springtail species within and among biogeographic sectors of the low (upper case letter) and high Arctic (lower case letter).

 

 

Conservation of Arctic Flora and Fauna (CAFF)

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Meltofte, H. (ed.) 2013. Arctic Biodiversity Assessment. Status and trends in Arctic biodiversity. Conservation of Arctic Flora and Fauna, Akureyri.

The number of species of springtail and butterfly

ABA 2013 Table 07 05 Collembola Butterflies 

Arctic Biodiversity Assessment (ABA) 2013.

Table 7.5. The number of species of springtail and butterfly species recorded from the diff erent sectors of the Arctic (from Babenko 2005 and Chernov & Tatarinov 2006). Data for the high Arctic springtails alone are given in parentheses. Note that not all sectors have been sampled with equal thoroughness. For butterflies, the Ural and Western Siberian sectors are combined..

 

 

Conservation of Arctic Flora and Fauna (CAFF)

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Meltofte, H. (ed.) 2013. Arctic Biodiversity Assessment. Status and trends in Arctic biodiversity. Conservation of Arctic Flora and Fauna, Akureyri.

Relationship between numbers of spider, carabid beetle and butterfly

ABA 2013 07 03 Temperature 

Arctic Biodiversity Assessment (ABA) 2013.

Figure 7.3. Relationship between numbers of spider, carabid beetle and butterfly species and mean July temperature at sites along south to north transects in Taimyr, Middle Siberia and Beringia (based on data from Chernov 1995, Chernov et al. 2000, Chernov & Makarova 2008).

 

 

Conservation of Arctic Flora and Fauna (CAFF)

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The data can be downloaded freely.

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Meltofte, H. (ed.) 2013. Arctic Biodiversity Assessment. Status and trends in Arctic biodiversity. Conservation of Arctic Flora and Fauna, Akureyri.

Habitat preferences of common Arctic springtail species selected

ABA 2013 Table 07 04 Habitat 

Arctic Biodiversity Assessment (ABA) 2013.

Table 7.4. Habitat preferences of common Arctic springtail species selected to illustrate variation in the range of habitats utilised, often by related species. Data are from Fjellberg (1994) with nomenclature updated from Babenko & Fjellberg (2006).

 

 

Conservation of Arctic Flora and Fauna (CAFF)

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The data can be downloaded freely.

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Meltofte, H. (ed.) 2013. Arctic Biodiversity Assessment. Status and trends in Arctic biodiversity. Conservation of Arctic Flora and Fauna, Akureyri.

 The number of species of testate amoebae unique to particular habitat types

ABA 2013 07 02 Testate Amoebae 

Arctic Biodiversity Assessment (ABA) 2013.

Figure 7.2. The number of species of testate amoebae unique to particular habitat types, expressed as a percentage of the total species found within that habitat. Data are from several sites spread across the Arctic compiled by Beyens & Chardez (1995).

 

 

Conservation of Arctic Flora and Fauna (CAFF)

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The data can be downloaded freely.

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Meltofte, H. (ed.) 2013. Arctic Biodiversity Assessment. Status and trends in Arctic biodiversity. Conservation of Arctic Flora and Fauna, Akureyri.

Number of species in the dominant or relatively wellstudied

ABA 2013 Table 07 03 Invertebrates 

Arctic Biodiversity Assessment (ABA) 2013.

Table 7.3. Number of species in the dominant or relatively wellstudied groups of invertebrates in the major biogeographical regions of the low and high Arctic. Greenland, in addition to being included within the traditional Nearctic region, is also considered as a separate unit as its fauna cannot be considered as being solely derived from the Nearctic region. 

 

 

Conservation of Arctic Flora and Fauna (CAFF)

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The data can be downloaded freely.

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Meltofte, H. (ed.) 2013. Arctic Biodiversity Assessment. Status and trends in Arctic biodiversity. Conservation of Arctic Flora and Fauna, Akureyri.

Beringia and other glacial refugia in the Arctic

ABA 2013 02 02 Beringia 

Arctic Biodiversity Assessment (ABA) 2013.

Figure 2.2. Beringia and other glacial refugia in the Arctic: distribution of ice cover (white shading) and ice-free areas in the Northern Hemisphere during the last glacial maximum, 18,000 years ago (after Ray & Adams 2001). Beringia is enclosed within the red oval.

 

 

Conservation of Arctic Flora and Fauna (CAFF)

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Meltofte, H. (ed.) 2013. Arctic Biodiversity Assessment. Status and trends in Arctic biodiversity. Conservation of Arctic Flora and Fauna, Akureyri.

 Circumpolar map of known polynyas.

ABA 2013 Box 14 02 

Arctic Biodiversity Assessment (ABA) 2013.

Box 14.2 Figure 1. Circumpolar map of known polynyas. Note that some polynyas no longer exist in the form known from their recent history.

(Source: Barber & Masson 2007.)

 

Conservation of Arctic Flora and Fauna (CAFF)

www.caff.is 

The data can be downloaded freely.

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Meltofte, H. (ed.) 2013. Arctic Biodiversity Assessment. Status and trends in Arctic biodiversity. Conservation of Arctic Flora and Fauna, Akureyri.

ABA 2013. Appendix 20

ABA Appendix 20 1

Arctic Biodiversity Assessment (ABA) 2013.

Appendix 20

Arctic indigenous languages status and trends. Data in the table was collected from census records and academic sources. Where possible, CAFF countries and indigenous peoples organizations (Permanent Participants to the Arctic Council) also provided statistical information.

 

 

Conservation of Arctic Flora and Fauna (CAFF)

www.caff.is 

The data can be downloaded freely.

Users are requested to reference it source.

Meltofte, H. (ed.) 2013. Arctic Biodiversity Assessment. Status and trends in Arctic biodiversity. Conservation of Arctic Flora and Fauna, Akureyri.

ABA 2013. Appendix 10.2

ABA Appendix 10

Arctic Biodiversity Assessment (ABA) 2013.

Appendix 10.2

Data on diversity of lichens and lichenicolous fungi in the Arctic and separately for the sectors of the Arctic (Beringia, Canada, North Atlantic, European Russia, W and E Siberia) and the single floristic provinces: numbers of species, numbers of species in the low and high Arctic, percentage of species with respective growth form (crustose, squamulose, foliose, fruticose), the estimated number of missing crustose lichen species (explanations below), percentage of species on the respective substrate on which the lichen species grow, and rarity of species within and outside the Arctic.

 

 

Conservation of Arctic Flora and Fauna (CAFF)

www.caff.is 

The data can be downloaded freely.

Users are requested to reference it source.

Meltofte, H. (ed.) 2013. Arctic Biodiversity Assessment. Status and trends in Arctic biodiversity. Conservation of Arctic Flora and Fauna, Akureyri.

ABA 2013. Appendix 6.2

Appendix 6 2 

Arctic Biodiversity Assessment (ABA) 2013.

Appendix 6.2

 

Marine fishes in the Arctic Ocean and adjacent seas (AOAS).

 

Conservation of Arctic Flora and Fauna (CAFF)

www.caff.is 

The data can be downloaded freely.

Users are requested to reference it source.

Meltofte, H. (ed.) 2013. Arctic Biodiversity Assessment. Status and trends in Arctic biodiversity. Conservation of Arctic Flora and Fauna, Akureyri.

ABA 2013. Appendix 6.1.1-6.1.4

 

Arctic Biodiversity Assessment (ABA) 2013.

Appendix 6.1.1-6.1.4

 

Appendix 6.1.1. Freshwater and diadromous fish species by area of occurrence within the High Arctic, Low Arctic and sub-Arctic

Appendix 6.1.2. Freshwater and diadromous fishes of the Palearctic and Nearctic regions.

Appendix 6.1.3. Occurrence of freshwater and diadromous fishes in the Arctic and sub-Arctic regions of the seven geographical regions referred to in the main text.

Appendix 6.1.4. Freshwater and diadromous fish species status summary for species assessed at some level of risk by country or region.

 

Conservation of Arctic Flora and Fauna (CAFF)

www.caff.is 

The data can be downloaded freely.

Users are requested to reference it source.

Meltofte, H. (ed.) 2013. Arctic Biodiversity Assessment. Status and trends in Arctic biodiversity. Conservation of Arctic Flora and Fauna, Akureyri.

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