Arctic benthic diversity

LifeLinkedtoIce Arctic benthic diversity

There are about 4,500 known species of multi-cellular benthic invertebrates, with highest diversity in the shelf areas, and about 160 to 210 species of seaweeds (macroalgae).
Based on Josefson et al. 2013 [73] and Bluhm et al. 2011 [63]
Photo: Benthic samples from the Chukchi Sea, 2004–2005 Russian-American Long-term Census of the Arctic (photo by B. Bluhm/UAF/RUSALCA 2004) 


Conservation of Arctic Flora and Fauna (CAFF) 

The data can be downloaded freely. Users are requested to reference the source.

Eamer, J., Donaldson, G.M., Gaston, A.J., Kosobokova, K.N., Lárusson, K.F., Melnikov, I.A., Reist, J.D., Richardson, E., Staples, L., von Quillfeldt, C.H. 2013. Life Linked to Ice: A guide to sea-ice-associated biodiversity in this time of rapid change. CAFF Assessment Series No. 10. Conservation of Arctic Flora and Fauna, Iceland. ISBN: 978-9935-431-25-7.


63. Bluhm, B.A., Gebruk, A.V., Gradinger, R., Hopcroft, R.R., Huettmann, F., Kosobokova, K.N., Sirenko, B.I., and Weslawski, J.M. 2011. Arctic marine biodiversity: An update of species richness and examples of biodiversity change. Oceanography 24(3): 232-248.

73. Josefson, A.B., Mokievsky, V., (lead authors), Bergmann, M., Blicher, M.E., Bluhm, B., Cochrane, S., Denisenko, N.V., Hasemann, C., Jørgensen, L.L., Klages, M., Schewe, I., Sejr, M.K., Soltwedel, T., Węsławski, J.M., and Włodarska-Kowalczuk, M. 2013. Marine invertebrates. Chap. 8 In Arctic biodiversity assessment. Status and trends in Arctic biodiversity. Edited by Meltofte, H. Conservation of Arctic Flora and Fauna (CAFF), Akureyri, Iceland. pp. 152-185.

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